1972 AMC Javelin AMX 401
Slightly redesigned taillamps distinguished the 1972 AMC Javelin AMX 401 externally, but there were more important changes under the hood. As were its Motown rivals, AMC was scaling back performance under pressure from increasingly stringent exhaust-emission standards and oppressive insurance rates.
So the AMC 304-cubic-inch V-8 became the standard Javelin AMX engine for ’72; the 360 was now an option along with the 401. Underscoring this retreat, the manufacturers began to list net horsepower ratings -- the engine with all its accessories as installed in the car -- rather than gross horsepower -- essentially the engine free of encumbrances.
The 304 was listed at 210 horsepower in ’71, but only 150 under the new rating system in ’72. Estimates of the 304’s gross horsepower ran around 200, but regardless, the 304 proved a disappointment to buyers pursuing more horsepower for their Javelin AMX. Most opted for the larger 360, a $188 extra. This engine was down to 175 horsepower with the two barrel, 195 with a four barrel and single exhaust, and 220 for the four barrel with dual exhaust. Compression was down to 8.5:1 for more efficient use with the unleaded fuels that were now required. Included with the 360 were E70×14 Goodyear Polyglas tires and other features.
The 401-cubic-inch V-8 remained an option and was now rated at 255 horsepower at 4600 rpm.
As in 1968-71, the optional “Go” package was a tempting tick on the Javelin options sheet. It contained Cowl-Air induction, heavy-duty suspension, E60×15 Goodyear Polyglas tires, racing stripes, Rally Pac instrumentation, hood T-stripe decal, and related appearance/performance features.
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